Friday, 29 March 2013

Kraftwerk denied China visa over 1999 Free Tibet concert

As pop stars go, they are pretty much as inoffensive as you can get, a bunch of German pensioners who practically invented electronica with their hypnotic loops and robotic antics.

But Kraftwerk have apparently fallen foul of the Chinese authorities, not for their lyrics or their dissolute ways (the most you could ever accuse them of is eccentricity) but for something they did more than 10 years ago. A case of the past catching up with the futurists.
According to reports in Beijing, the ministry of culture denied the German quartet a visa because they were scheduled to perform at a pro-Tibetan independence concert in 1999. In fact, Kraftwerk's performance at the Washington DC fundraiser was ultimately cancelled because of a lightning storm.
The Beijing-based record label Modern Sky originally invited the German group to headline its three-day Strawberry music festival in late April before China's ministry of culture denied their application. "Kraftwerk were not allowed to play … because they participated in a Free Tibetconcert," an unnamed Modern Sky employee told Agence France-Presse. "We had already arranged the show, it's a pity they can't come, it's a great shame."
The festival has replaced Kraftwerk with the British pop band Travis. "I can't say we are 100% confident with Travis as headliners," Zang Keyu, Modern Sky's director of performance and operations, told the state-runGlobal Times newspaper. "But it's a fact we have to accept."
Björk was banned from China in 2008 after repeatedly ­shouting 'Tibet' during a song called Declare Independence.
Kraftwerk thus become the latest victims of Beijing's rigorous control of who does and does not come to entertain its youth. After turning up their noses for decades at western rock for much of the 1980s and 1990s, China's authorities have come to view large-scale, multi-day festivals as a useful exercise in generating both popularity and cash.
But for even the most enlightened officials, so-called social stability remains a top priority. In 2008, Björk was banned from the country after repeatedly shouting "Tibet" during a song called Declare Independence. And after Elton John dedicated a Beijing concert to the dissident artist Ai Weiwei in November, China's cultural authorities bulked up restrictions on foreign artists.
At a 2011 folk festival in the city Suzhou, a large projection behind the stage displayed short messages sent by audience members – until Ai Weiwei's name flashed across the screen. That year's Strawberry festival was immediately cancelled and Zuoxiao Zuzhou, a rock musician who ostensibly sent the message, was briefly detained.
Kraftwerk's rejection underscores Tibet's special standing in the eyes of Chinese cultural apparatchiks. In March, the band Gang of Four, named after a cultural revolution-era political faction, toured through the country without a hitch.
as published in The Guardian

Monday, 25 March 2013

A Mother of four Burns self in Tibet again!

A Tibetan mother of four burned herself to death on Sunday in protest against Chinese rule in Sichuan province's Ngaba (in Chinese, Aba) prefecture, bringing the number of Tibetan self-immolations so far to 110.
Kalkyi, 30, torched herself near a monastery in Dzamthang (Rangtang) county "to highlight the Chinese policy of violent rule in Tibet and Tibetan populated areas," a source inside Tibet told RFA's Tibetan Service.

Local Tibetans took her body into the Jonang monastery immediately after the burning protest at about 3:30 p.m. local time before Chinese security forces arrived, sources said.
Tibetan monks and laymen are conducting funeral prayers at the monastery, they said.
Kalkyi, a mother of three sons and one daughter, all under 15 years of age, was from Barma township in Dzamthang in the Ngaba Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture.

She is the 16th woman to self-immolate since the fiery protests began in February 2009, questioning Chinese rule in Tibetan populated areas and calling for the return of Tibet's spiritual leader the Dalai Lama.

So far, 110 Tibetans have burned themselves in the desperate protests which are not petering out despite tighter restrictions imposed by Chinese authorities. Ninety of them have died.
Chinese authorities have recently tightened controls in Tibetan-populated areas to check the self-immolation protests, arresting and jailing more than a dozen Tibetans who they accused of being linked to the burning protests. Some were jailed up to 15 years.
Human rights groups have criticized the Chinese authorities for criminalizing the burning protests.
The authorities have also deployed paramilitary forces and restricted communications in the areas where self-immolations have occurred.

courtesy: RFA

Saturday, 23 March 2013

Canadian MP calls on Xi for TIbet

"The world watched over the past couple of weeks as the National People's Congress in China met for the ceremonial formalities of installing its new president, premier, cabinet and leaders of its government.                                   New President Xi Jinping spoke of the earnest expectations of the people for better life in his remarks to the People's Congress last Sunday. I would like to note that the world is watching how president Xi Jinping's government lives by those words. 

Given this urgency, we sincerely encourage President Xi Jinping to meet with the leaders of the Tibetan government in exile to discuss the Dalai Lama's Middle Way approach for peace, human rights and stability, and for a reasonable co-existence between the Tibetan and Chinese peoples. 

We call on the leaders of China to meet in earnest with the leaders of the Tibetan government in exile to discuss the Dalai Lama's third way for human rights and democratic, regional, cultural and environmental autonomy for Tibetans within China." 

Mr David Sweet, Canadian Parliamentarian 

Wednesday, 20 March 2013

Excerpt of Rabiya Kadeer's responses at 'Human Rights in China' debate:

Uyghur leader gives Chinese diplomats a history lesson at UN
The meeting chaired by Croatian Foreign Minister Paul Seferovich was attended by representatives of the diasporas of the occupied territories of East Turkestan, Inner Mongolia and Tibet.

A Chinese diplomat stated that no states named East Turkestan, Inner Mongolia and Tibet existed in China, and that they were historically Chinese territory.

"Historically imperial states such as Tsarist Russia and Britain will admit that they obtained colonized territories through occupation, but the Chinese will not accept it... We came here to discuss the issue of human rights, not land…History is to be written by historians. You are diplomats, not historians. You cannot write history. The Chinese Communist Party cannot write the history of my country.
You kill the Tibetan people because they want you to implement the autonomy you have provided them!…You are accusing us Uyghurs and the Mongols living in Inner Mongolia of separatism since we demand our natural and human rights!
Occupied land never belongs to the occupier. Until the establishment of the People's Republic of China, the Chinese people never established a state named Cunggu. You did not have the strength for this. You invaded our territory in 1949."

Tibet among world's most repressed societies

Repression in Tibet
WASHINGTON: Expressing concerns about the continuing unrest in Tibet and the tragic trend of self-immolations, a top US senator has alleged that the region is among the most repressed and closed societies of the world. 

"Tibet today is one of the most repressed and closed societies in the world, where merely talking on the phone can land you in jail. Support for the Dalai Lama can be prosecuted as an offence against the state,"Senator Robert Menendez, Chairman of the powerful Senate Foreign Relations Committee said. 
"Tibetans are treated as second class citizens; their travel within and outside of Tibetan areas is highly restricted. Foreign diplomats and journalists are routinely denied access," he said on the Senate floor yesterday. 
Since February 2009, more than 100 Tibetans have set themselves on fire, he noted. 
Many of the self-immolators have called for the return of the Dalai Lama to Tibet and for China to acknowledge the basic human dignity of the Tibetan people. 
"Like so many others, I wish that Tibetans would not choose self-immolations, a horrific act, as a method of protest. I hope Tibetans will find other ways to express their grievances and despair and halt these self-destructive acts," he said. 
"At the same time, we must understand that these sorts of acts are indicative of the deep sense of frustration felt by the Tibetan people. This is not a conspiracy of "foreign forces" but indicative of the deep sense of hopelessness of a people denied their basic dignity," Menendez said. 

He observed that Americans see Tibet as an issue of fundamental justice and fairness, where the fundamental human rights of the Tibetan people, as embodied in the Chinese constitution, are not being respected; where their culture is being eroded; and where their land is being exploited. 

Menendez said thus the responsibility falls to the US to help the Tibetan people in their efforts to preserve their culture and identity and have a say in their own affairs and to be able to exercise genuine autonomy within China. 
"We should continue to fund the important programmes that help Tibetan communities, both in exile and on the Tibetan plateau. While these provide tangible humanitarian results, they also send a critical signal to the aggrieved Tibetan population that the United States hears their plea," he said. 
The United States, he said should work with the UN to secure access to Tibet for independent international observers and media members. 
"The State Department should continue to insist on access to Tibet by its personnel. We need independent and credible reporting on the true situation on the ground, and the Department should work with China to take steps to see that the principle of reciprocity is respected," Menendez argued. 
"Peaceful resolution of the Tibet issue could go a long way in demonstrating to the world that China is indeed a responsible and constructive member of the community of nations. In turn, Beijing's growing influence in the Himalayan belt, especially Nepal, should be assessed in a broader dialogue with other nations in the region," Menendez said.

shared from Economic times

Sunday, 17 March 2013

Xi Jingping first speech: "I will be true to the responsibility given to me"

The new Chinese President, Xi Jinping, has said he will fight for "the great renaissance of the Chinese nation," in his first speech as head of state.

"Good day, ladies, gentlemen, and friends. Sorry to have kept you waiting. I am very happy to meet with you, friends of the press.
Yesterday, the 18th CPC [Communist Party of China] National Congress victoriously concluded.
During these days, friends of the press have made lots of coverage on the congress and conveyed China's voice in abundance to every country around the world. Everyone has been very dedicated, professional and hardworking. For this, on behalf of the Secretariat of the 18th Party Congress, I would like to express sincere gratitude to you.
Just now, we have conducted the first plenary meeting of the 18th CPC Central Committee and elected the new central leadership organisation during the meeting. The plenary meeting election has produced seven Standing Committee members of the Political Bureau and elected me as the CPC General Secretary.
Here, let me introduce to you my colleagues, the other six Standing Committee members. 
They are: Comrade Li Keqiang, Comrade Zhang Dejiang, Comrade Yu Zhengsheng, Comrade Liu Yunshan, Comrade Wang Qishan, and Comrade Zhang Gaoli. 
Comrade Li Keqiang served as a Standing Committee member of the Political Bureau of the 17th CPC Central Committee while other comrades served as members of the Political Bureau of the 17th CPC Central Committee. You have known them well.
Here, on behalf of the members of the new central leadership organisation, I sincerely thank all comrades of the party for their trust in us. We will live up to the great trust placed on and the mission assigned to us. 
The great trust of all members of the party and the expectations of people of all ethnic groups around the country are not only a tremendous encouragement to our doing the work well, but also a heavy burden on our shoulders. 
This great responsibility is the responsibility to our nation. Our nation is a great nation.
During the civilisation and development process of more than 5,000 years, the Chinese nation has made an indelible contribution to the civilisation and advancement of mankind. 
In the modern era, our nation experienced constant hardship and difficulties. The Chinese nation reached the most dangerous period. Since then, countless people with lofty ideals to realise the great revival of the Chinese nation rose to resist and fight, but failed one time after another. 
Since the founding of the CPC, we have united and led the people to advance and struggle tenaciously, transforming the impoverished and backward Old China into the New China that has become prosperous and strong gradually. The great revival of the Chinese nation has demonstrated unprecedented bright prospects.
Our responsibility is to unite and lead people of the entire party and of all ethnic groups around the country while accepting the baton of history and continuing to work for realising the great revival of the Chinese nation in order to let the Chinese nation stand more firmly and powerfully among all nations around the world and make a greater contribution to mankind.
This great responsibility is the responsibility to the people.
Our people are a great people. During the long process of history, by relying on our own diligence, courage and wisdom, Chinese people have opened up a good and beautiful home where all ethnic groups live in harmony and fostered an excellent culture that never fades. 
Our people love life and expect better education, more stable jobs, better income, more reliable social security, medical care of a higher standard, more comfortable living conditions, and a more beautiful environment.
They hope that their children can grow up better, work better and live better. People's yearning for a good and beautiful life is the goal for us to strive for.
Every bit of happiness in the world has to be created by diligent work and labour. Our responsibility is to rally and lead the whole party and all of China's ethnic groups and continue to emancipate our way of thinking, insist on reform and opening up, further unleash and develop social productive forces, work hard to resolve the difficulties faced by the masses in both production and life, and steadfastly take the road of common prosperity.
This is a major responsibility towards the party. Our party is a political party that serves the people wholeheartedly. The party has led the people in scoring accomplishments that capture the attention of the world. We have every reason to be proud. However, we are proud but not complacent, and we will never rest on our laurels.
In the new situation, our party faces many severe challenges, and there are many pressing problems within the party that need to be resolved, especially problems such as corruption and bribe-taking by some party members and cadres, being out of touch with the people, placing undue emphasis on formality and bureaucracy must be addressed with great effort.
The whole party must be vigilant.
The metal itself must be hard to be turned into iron. Our responsibility is to work with all comrades in the party to be resolute in ensuring that the party supervises its own conduct; enforces strict discipline; effectively deals with the prominent issues within the party; earnestly improves the party's work style and maintains close ties with the people. So that our party will always be the firm leadership core for advancing the cause of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
It is the people who create history. The masses are the real heroes. Our strength comes from the people and masses. We deeply understand that the capability of any individual is limited, but as long as we unite as one, there is no difficulty that we cannot overcome. Individuals have limited time in work, but there is no limit in serving the people wholeheartedly.
Our responsibility is weightier than Mount Tai, and our journey ahead is long and arduous. We must always be of one heart and mind with the people; share weal and woe with the people; make concerted and hard effort with the people; attend to our duties day and night with diligence; and strive to deliver a satisfactory answer sheet to history and the people.
Friends from the press, China needs to learn more about the world, and the world also needs to learn more about China. I hope you will continue to make more efforts and contributions to deepening the mutual understanding between China and the countries of the world.
Thank you everybody!"

Thursday, 14 March 2013

Memories of 2008 Riots in Tibet Fading Away: Chinese Legislators

As Tibet observes the fifth anniversary of Lhasa riots tomorrow amid self immolation protests against Chinese rule, legislators of the ruling Communist Party said memories of the 2008 riots, which shook the Himalayan region, has faded out.

"The memory of it is thin and the psychological pressure has been alleviated. Everyone is focusing on making life better," Padma Chodron, a legislator from Tibet, said referring to the violence that erupted in Lhasa on March 14, 2008, resulting in the deaths of 19 people.

However, she says she can still feel the fear when the images of looting and violence were shown on television in her home village.

"I was fidgety day and night, afraid that something terrible would happen again," the Tibetan deputy currently attending the Chinese Parliament -- the National People's Congress (NPC) -- told state-run Xinhua news agency.

"Conversations between villagers were limited to everyday things, but after the incident, the topics changed and our peaceful lives were disturbed," the deputy from Medog county said.

The riots in which hundreds of Buddhist Monks took part shook China and the world and the Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao blamed the supporters of the Dalai Lama based abroad for instigating the violence ahead the 2008 Beijing Olympics.

The incident also had an impact on the region's tourism industry, which many depend on to secure their livelihoods.

In 2008, the volume of tourists was reduced to less than half of that of the previous year. The tourism boom brought about by the inauguration of the Qinghai-Tibet railway in 2006 came to an end after the incident, the Xinhua report said.

Five years after the riot, Tibetans attending the annual meeting of the Parliament believe the memory of the incident has passed.

"Tibet has long been out of the shadow of the incident," said Xindra Tenzin Chodrak, the deputy director of the standing committee of the people's congress of Tibet.

"Businessmen and Buddhists tell me they feel safe in Lhasa," Xindra claimed skirting any references to over 100 self immolations in the Himalayan region protesting the Chinese rule.

The regional tourism industry, mainly boosted by the arrivals from Chinese main land began to recover in 2009, with the number of visitors reaching 5.56 million in 2009 and over 10 million from home and abroad last year.

"To maintain Tibet's social stability, it is important to develop the economy and improve people's livelihoods," said Padma Choling, the director of the standing committee of the people's congress of Tibet.

Over the past five years, Tibet has maintained GDP growth of 12 per cent, as well as boosted incomes for both urban and rural residents, he said.

shared from OUTLOOK India

Wednesday, 13 March 2013

Tibetan Uprising Day Reminds Us

More than a half century ago, on March 10th, 1959, Tibetans revolted against the Chinese military occupation of Tibet that began in 1951. The revolt ended badly for the Tibetans who suffered from a brutal Chinese crackdown. This caused the Dalai Lama, with the help of the CIA, to flee with his supporters to India. On March 31, 1959, after a grueling 15-day journey across the Himalayas on foot, the Dalai Lama escaped from the Chinese and crossed over to India along with 80,000 Tibetans. Ever since then, March 10th has been commemorated as Tibetan Uprising Day with worldwide protest marches to mobilize support for the Tibetan cause.
Even as desperate self-immolations among Tibetans still living in Tibet have increased in the past few years, there seem to be no signs whatsoever of China relenting on its cultural genocide there. At a time when movements like the Arab Spring get mainstream media attention, it is unfortunate that the struggle of the Tibetans seems to be slipping from public consciousness.
Unlike the hot spots of the Middle East, Tibet lacks a natural resource like oil that powerful nations would fight over. The peaceful nature of the Tibetan struggle, unlike agitations in the Islamic world, has certainly generated goodwill for the Tibetans. But since they do not pose a security threat to the rest of the world as exporters of terror or nukes, it seems safe to simply look the other way. China's growing clout and persistence has gradually worn down the uprising, and Tibetans' support base among Western leaders is muted. Tragically, today's youth in the West seem generally less passionate to get involved than the youth of the 60s.
One wonders what lies in store for this movement. With the Dalai Lama aging, the Chinese know that time is on their side and are willing to wait it out. Without a new Tibetan leader of comparable charisma, they hope to accentuate internal clashes among rival Tibetan groups, offer carrots to some ambitious leaders, and use classic divide-and-conquer tactics to finish off the movement. Meanwhile, in Tibet, the land and sacred geography are being rapidly turned into secular tourist attractions under the ultimate control of the communists, and repopulated by the ethnic Han Chinese. Tibetan culture is becoming transformed by China, and "digested" into Mandarin identity.
While this should be a concern for the entire world, India and the U.S. should worry the most. India's mightiest rivers (Brahmaputra, Ganga and Indus) all originate in Tibet, and China has started an ambitious project of rapidly building at least 20 hydroelectric dams in Tibet, each with the potential to divert water away from India and into China. Quenching China's thirst will come at the expense of India where droughts will result in many areas. I had predicted this scenario many years ago before it was fashionable to consider it, but only recently has this suddenly become a hot topic.
Tibet is also the military base for China's nuclear arsenal aimed at India, giving China the ability to reach India within minutes from launch. Tibet is the route through which the China-Pakistan links are transporting military and other goods through modern highways, railroads and pipelines. This enables China to gain access to the Indian Ocean ports that are located in Pakistan, and Pakistan gets instant assistance from China in any conflict with India. Indeed, if Tibet could be neutral, autonomous and demilitarized, the India/Pakistan security situation would have the potential to be more easily resolved as a bilateral rather than trilateral one.
For the United States, China is its main rival and competitor in all spheres, a fact known and understood to both. While China has never hid its intentions, the U.S. has lacked a determined plan to address this. Tibet is China's path for the critical trade routes of the Indian Ocean, the Central Asian oil and gas reserves, and the rich ASEAN countries to the south.
As an example of its myopic foreign policy, the U.S. isolated Myanmar for many years on the grounds of human rights violations, which hurt mostly the poor people of Myanmar rather than the military junta. This played right into the hands of the Chinese. Had the improvement of human rights been the honest motive, the U.S. would have adopted similar measures against China where the human rights violations have been on a far larger scale. Myanmar was simply an easy target to get rid of American guilt and to show muscle. Thus China got a decade of monopoly in Myanmar which it used to solidify long term strategic control over Myanmar's resources and privileged access routes to the Indian Ocean. Tibet is again strategically located to make this possible.
The Tibetans themselves can also do much more than they have. For one thing, they must urgently initiate the rise of a new face on the world stage under the mentoring of the Dalai Lama. The Karmapa is one such young, charismatic leader with a deep grounding in Indo-Tibetan Buddhism and sharp intellect. Unfortunately, he remains largely confined in India. According to some sources, the Indian government is unsure if he a Chinese plant -- like a Manchurian Candidate. This matter needs to get urgently resolved rather than after the Dalai Lama is gone from the scene. It is best to let the next generation of leadership become active internationally, and be tested in all respects while the Dalai Lama is able to mentor and watch over the transition.
We should not count on a change of heart among the next generation of Chinese. For China has done a good job in its education system to indoctrinate its youth to view Tibet as an integral part of China, and to demonize the independence movement as a conspiracy by hostile foreign powers with the top Tibetan leaders as co-conspirators.
The odds against Tibet are indeed heavy on such a loaded chessboard. But many other struggles also seemed hopeless in the past. I wish the Tibetan movement finds new champions among the youth of all countries.

Rajiv Malhotra

Xinhua:Tibet to build first genetic resource bank

LHASA, March 13 (Xinhua) -- Southwest China's Tibet Autonomous Region will start construction on its first genetic resource bank within the year, regional authorities said Wednesday.
The bank will help Tibet protect its genetic resources and ensure sustainable conservation, according to the regional science and technology department.
The bank will be used to preserve plant seeds, as well as DNA from animals and microorganisms.
Tibet's biodiversity is abundant, but its environment is relatively fragile, said Li Hui, a researcher from the Institute of Tibetan Plateau Research under the Chinese Academy of Sciences.
The bank will help to ensure the continuation of some species for further study, as well as aid in breeding research for endangered species, Li said.
Tibet is home to more than 9,600 plant species, including 855 species that are unique to Tibet. The region also has 800 species of wild vertebrates, 123 of which are under national-level protection.

Tuesday, 5 March 2013

Britain's Relationship with Tibet: History tells it all!

The first Britain or British-India's relationship with Tibet began after her losing of trade ties with Nepal in the aftermath of rise of Gorkha rule in Nepal in 1769 AD. Almost at the same time, Sir Warren Hastings, the first Governor-General of British India, after the British East India Company came under the direct rule of British Queen, sent George Bogle in 1774 AD, and Samuel Turner in 1783 AD, looking for trade relationships with Tibet. At that time, the Britain and British-India already had trade relationships with China through the East coast. The fact that British India did not related to China for seeking trade ties with Tibet, showed the lack of China's suzerainty, leave alone sovereignty over Tibet. Tibet refused to accept for trade, countries other than the customary ones like Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan, Nepal, Mongolia, Turkestan and others.
Owing to recent conflicts with Nepal in 1788 AD and 1791 AD, and at the advice, very likely given at an earlier time, by the Gorkha new King Prithvi Narayan Shah, Tibet refused to open herself to distant foreign countries, or she adopted a policy of seclusion. After the Britain's Opium wars with China, she began to lose interests in Nepal, and at the same time, proportionally built up the good relationship with China which culminated in Britain's receiving China's support for annexation of Burma. Besides this, as seen in the 1890 and 1893 treaties, undue commercial and political supports in violation of Tibet's sovereign authority, came to be received by the British-India from China. As it was secretive and failed to receive the Tibet's acceptance, it led to the British 1904 Expedition coming into Lhasa, and a treaty signed between the Tibet's government and the British-India. As the military expedition failed to comply with the real policy of British government in London, and also because of the lack of Tibetan acceptance of 1893 treaty, the British government in 1906 AD, signed a treaty with China which was to further the Britain's long-cherished trade interests in Tibet.
In 1907 AD, Britain signed a treaty with Russia which also did not fail to include China as a way of dealing with Tibet for the relationship. This treaty, in spite of being a method to keep peace in surrounding countries and stop expansionist attempts, ensured the British India's wish for keeping trade relationship with Tibet uninterrupted. The fact came to the forefront in the 1908 treaty with representatives from China, and also from Tibet, who had been rather forced, which carried a clear recognition by Britain of the China's suzerain authority over Tibet, to facilitate her trade. But in all likelihood, this and the earlier treaties with China, were due to Britain's lack of knowledge that Tibet and China enjoyed only patron-priest relationship which even cannot be termed as China's suzerainty power over Tibet. Yet, politically, it beckoned the Chinese troops which in 1910 AD reached Lhasa, militarily unopposed, because of an act of diplomacy, as the Dalai Lama was in exile in those years.
As the coming of such troops into Lhasa was unprecedented in Tibet's history, it started off the Tibet's request for assistance from an outside country, i.e, British, who also was clearly disillusioned and already fallen in the trap of earlier treaty signed with China, for direct intervention for seeking the withdrawal of Manchu troops from Tibet. But the request for seeking the outster of Chinese troops could not be fulfilled at first. Since that time, Tibet also began to assert her independence from China, and never on any earlier occasion in history, as few writers on Tibet claimed it to be so. The Chinese troop's invasion and Manchu Emperor's inability to drive them out, and the Lhasa Amban's repeated attempt at having more troops to invade Tibet, during the 13th Dalai Lama's visit to China in 1909, caused the first rift in Emperor's act of patronage, as existing between Tibet and Manchu China.
In 1913 AD, the Britos tried to remove the differences between Tibet and China, who saw the downfall of Manchu Dynasty in 1911 AD, and was then under the Nationalist rule. But the Simla Treaty, for having China to accept it, failed, because of the claim of just the territory earlier occupied by Chao Erfeng's troops, and the Tibetan and British representative's unwillingness to change the provisions of the treaty. And so an attempt to restore the past patron-priest relationship with Tibet by the Chinese new Nationalist regime but having a link with the earlier Manchu Dynasty failed miserably. Even at that time, the lack of China's claim of sovereignty over Tibet can be seen absent, while offer for suzerainty over Tibet was not acceptable to them. Britain and Tibetan representatives also signed a trade treaty at that time, thus building a relationship between the two countries for the coming years. 
Source: Phayul

A senior Tibetan Monk imprisoned by China

A Chinese court on Friday sentenced a senior Tibetan Buddhist monk to one year and three months in prison for his alleged involvement in the self-immolation protests against Chinese oppression in Tibet.
On March 1, 2013, (Afternoon) a local Chinese 'Intermediate People's Court' has sentenced the 42-year old Tibetan monk to one year and three months in prison. Sources told The Tibet Post International that the "Yarphel is a respected senior Tibetan Buddhist monk of Yershong Monastery in Rebkong county of eastern Tibet."
Dorjee Lhundup, a 25-year-old Tibetan, set himself on fire on November 4, 2012 in Rebkong, Amdho region of eastern Tibet. The Chinese security forces attempted to force their way towards the body in an effort to remove his remains from the site.
Lhundup died at the scene, and his body was protected by local Tibetans and monks, who cremated it and returned the ashes to his hometown. The local Tibetans at the scene reportedly have taken the young man's body to nearby Rongwo Monastery in Rebkong.
"Ven Yarphel was charged over accusation of taking part in carrying Lhundup's ashes from Rongpo Monastery to his home-town. He is originally from Dragkar village in Rebkong, Malho of eastern Tibet and his father name is Lhubum Gyal," the sources added.
Their trial, as per usual, took place behind closed doors and in secrecy. According to our sources inside Tibet.
A number of recent photos coming from Tibet showing heavy armed Chinese military presence in Rebkong and surrounding areas, according to sources, that has been increasingly deployed after and during Losar religious festivities.
Over 107 Tibetans- including monks, nuns, students and lay people - have set themselves on fire in Tibet since 2009 and most of them have reportedly died.
The most common call for the return of the spiritual leader His Holiness the Dalai Lama, the preservation of the Tibetan language, and an end to restrictions on freedom of religion. However, many also called for Tibetan independence.
In the severe crackdowns in Tibet, authorities in Beijing still believe use of heavy imprisonments is the only and best way to stop the massive wave of self-immolation protests that has records as the largest in human history.
"We remain concerned by the deteriorating human rights situation in Tibetan areas, including the numerous tragic self-immolations that have occurred and related reports of detentions and arrests," US State Department acting deputy spokesman Patrick Ventrell told reporters on Friday, during his daily press briefing.
"We've also seen, as you mentioned, in Nepal, self-immolations. We continue to call on the Chinese Government to permit Tibetans to express grievances freely, publicly, peacefully, and without fear of retribution. And we urge Tibetans to end self-immolations.," he added.
Above is an article published by The Tibet Post International: